Начало Полезно

Полезно

Античност - Египет - древно, средно и ново царство

Е-мейл Печат ПДФ

АНТИЧНОСТ - Египет, (нил) Месопотамия (тигър и ефрат), Персия (иран), Егейскa Цивилизация (егейско море), Древна Гърция, Римска Империя.

- През античността социалната система е основавана на властови отношения. Състояние на човека, вариращо в екстремни граници - роби и свободни. Едните нямат никакви права, а другите са абсолютно неограничени.
- Един властва, други „копат”, а трети правят изкуство.

Египет (4000 - 500)
- Всички форми на изкуството в Египет са основани на символика. Такава е и тяхната писменост - ейроглифи, всеки от които е отделен символ с различно значение.
- Зараждат се формите на изобразителното изкуство - скулптура и живопис.
- Поставени са основните канони в изобразителното изкуство. Канонът подчинява творбите на строги описания и трайни, повтарящи се елементи.
- Усукване на фигурите - човекът е изобрзен от няколко гледни точки - крака и лице в профил, тяло и око във фас. Художниците смятали, че този подход е по-реалистичен.
- Развива се фризът (лента върху стена, покрита с изображения или фигури).

Древно царство (3200 - 2200)
- Египетското изкуство е лишено от психологиката на човека.
- Изображенията са с религиозно-митологичен характер.
- Живописта е в 2 измерения - дълбочината липсва. Колкото по-нагоре е поставен обекта, толкова е по-далече.
- Пирамиди - Пирамидата е строеж с огромни мащаби. Служела като гробница за фараона, който бил считан за бог. Тази постройка няма съответствие между външната и вътрешната структура.
- Архитектът Имхотеп създава първата стъпаловидна пирамида за фараона Джосер.
- Създава се комплексът от пирамиди в Гиза. Той включва няколко важни постройки:
- Хеопсовата пирамида.
- Пирамидата и храмът на Хефрен.
- Сфинксът - една от най-големите статуи в света, издълбана в един каменен блок.
- Пропорциониране - основата на Хеопсовата пирамида е точен квадрат, който е точно ориентиран според посоката на слънцето.

Средно царство (2100 - 1800)
- Изображенията придобиват по-битов характер.
- Строят се свързани пирамиди и храмове.
- Колони, които са само декоративни.

Ново царство (1600 - 1000)
- Стремеж на хората, да са организирани в едно цяло, подчинено на някаква идея.
- Разномащабие - фигурите на владетелите и на боговете се изобразяват като много по-големи от останалите.
- Появява се релефът. Той бива вдлъбнат или изпъкнал според формата и висок или нисък според височината.
- Колоната вече е самостоятелен елемент с носеща функция, а не декоративна.
- Въвеждане на триизмерната структурна форма. Скулптури от злато.
- Създават се портрети на конкретни хора. Портретът не се занимава с естетическа функция, а има чисто магическа функция. Поставя се в гробницата.
- Деформация на черепа - издаденият назад череп е символ на благородство.
- Забелязва се култ към слънцето (богът на слънцето Амон Ра).

Последна промяна ( Сряда, 08 Април 2009 08:20 )
 

Праистория - палеолит, мезолит, неолит

Е-мейл Печат ПДФ

ПРАИСТОРИЯ - палеолит, мезолит и неолит.

- Най-продължителната част от историята на човека.
- Обособяване на човешкото същество като разумен човек.
- Липса на писменост.

Палеолит (2 млн - 12000)
- Първи изделия от камък.
- Пещерни рсунки, изобразяващи лов. Фигурите на животните са точни и отговарят на съществуващите видове.
- Изображенията на хора са само на жени, които имат повтарящи се общи черти. Видима е деформацията на всички вторични женски белези.

Мезолит (18000 - 12000)
- Нови техники за обработка на камъка.
- Рисунките не са реалистични както в палеолита и са изобразени само в червено.

Неолит (12000 - 5000)
- Голямо разнообразие от форми, като основно оръжие на труда е камъкът.
- Мегалити - постройки от големи камъни. Те биват основно 3 вида:
- Долмени - къщички от камъни - два надлъжни и един за напречна греда.
- Менхири - големи вертикално изправени камъни.
- Кромлехи - два големи кръга, които са оградени с дълги изправени камъни, а върху тях са слагани други камъни като греди. (Стоунхендж).
- Създават се рамки, които разграничават случките. Рамката показва, че има кой да гледа рисунката.
- Разказ и сюжет на нещо, което се случва.
- Керамични фигури (гърне, чаша, чиния).
- Създаване на бижута от различни камъни.

Последна промяна ( Сряда, 08 Април 2009 08:18 )
 

198 Мисли за изкуството

Е-мейл Печат ПДФ

Below is the entire set of 198 quotes in GalleryBG.com collection.

"A beautiful thing never gives so much pain as does failing to hear and see it."
Michelangelo


"A great sculpture can roll down a hill without breaking"
Michelangelo


"A line is a dot that went for a walk."
Paul Klee.


" Michelangelo"
A man paints with his brains and not with his hands.


"A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be."
Abraham Maslo


"A painting is never finished - it simply stops in interesting places."
Paul Gardner


"A room hung with pictures is a room hung with thoughts."
Sir Joshua Reynolds


"A work of art which did not begin in emotion is not art."
Paul CZzanne


"Abstract paintings must be as real as those created by the 16th century Italians."
Frank Stella


"All art is an individual's expression of a culture. Cultures differ, so art looks different."
Henry Glassie


"All art is but imitation of nature."
Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 B.C. - 65 A.D.)


"All art is but imitation of nature."
Seneca


"Always design a thing by considering its next larger context- a chair in a room, a room in a house, a house in an environment, an environment in a city plan."
Eero Saarinen


"An artist is not paid for his labor but for his vision."
James McNeill Whistler


"Architecture . . . is for the young. If our teenagers don't get architecture -- if they are not inspired -- we won't have the architecture. . . that we must have if this country is going to be beautiful."
Frank Lloyd Wright


"Architecture is inhabited sculpture."
Constantin Brancusi


"Architecture is the triumph of Human Imagination over materials, methods, and men, to put man into possession of his own Earth. It is at least the geometric pattern of things, of life, of the human and social world. It is at best that magic framework of reality that we sometimes touch upon when we use the word order."
Frank Lloyd Wright


"Art does not reproduce the visible; rather, it makes visible."
Paul Klee


"Art doesn't transform. It just plain forms."
Roy Lichtenstein


"Art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves at the same time."
Thomas Merton, 'No Man Is an Island'


"Art evokes the mystery without which the world would not exist."
Rene Magritte


"Art flourishes where there is a sense of adventure."
Alfred North Whitehead


"Art is a lie that helps us to realize the truth."
Pablo Picasso


"Art is a passion or it is nothing."
Robert Fry (Vision and Design)


"Art is a way of expression that has to be understood by everyone, everywhere."
Rufino Tamayo, artist


"Art is contemplation. It is the pleasure of the mind which searches into nature and which there divines the spirit of which Nature herself is animated."
Auguste Rodin


"Art is either plagiarism or revolution."
Paul Gaugin


"Art is everywhere, except it has to pass through a creative mind."
Louise Nevelson


"Art is idea. It is not enough to draw, paint, and sculpt. An artist should be able to think."
Gordon Woods


"Art is like a border of flowers along the course of civilization."
Lincoln Steffens


"Art is made to disturb. Science reassures. There is only one valuable thing in art: the thing you cannot explain."
Georges Braque


"Art is not the bread, but the wine of life."
John Paul Richter


"Art is not what you see, but what you make others see."
Edgar Degas


"Art is skill, that is the first meaning of the word."
Eric Gill


"Art is the signature of civilizations."
Beverly Sills


"Art must be an expression of love or it is nothing."
Marc Chagall


"Art takes nature as its model."
Aristotle


"Art teaches nothing, except the significance of life."
Henry Miller


"Art washes from the soul the dust of everyday life."
Pablo Picasso


"Artists who seek perfection in everything are those who cannot attain it in anything."
Eugene Delacroix


"As a suffering creature, I cannot do without something greater than I -- something that is my life -- the power to create."
Vincent Van Gogh


"As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death."
Leonardo da Vinci


"As music is the poetry of sound, so is painting the poetry of sight and the subject-matter has nothing to do with harmony of sound or of color."
James McNeil Whistler


"Beauty is the purgation of superfluities."
Michelangelo


"Blessed are they who see beautiful things in humble places where other people see nothing."
Camille Pissarro


"Color in a picture is like enthusiasm in life."
Vincent Van Gogh


"Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul. "
Wassily Kandinsky


"Colour is my day- long obsession, joy and torment."
Claude Monet


"Conception, my boy, fundamental brain work, is what makes all the difference in art."
Dante Gabriel Rosetti


"Conversation in real life is full of half-finished sentences and overlapping talk. Why shouldn't painting be too?"
Edgar Degas


"Culture is something that evolves out of the simple, enduring elements of everyday life; elements most truthfully expressed in the folk arts and crafts of a nation."
Thor Hansen


"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up."
Pablo Picasso


"Every good painter paints what he is."
Jackson Pollock


"Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels."
Francisco Goya (1746-1828) - Spanish artist


"Fill a space in a beautiful way"
Georgia O'Keeffe


"Form ever follows function."
Louis H. Sullivan


"Good art is not what it looks like, but what it does to us. "
Roy Adzak


"Have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful."
William Morris


"Have you seen that portrait Gaugin did of me painting sunflowers? it was really I, but it's I gone mad."
Vincent Van Gogh


"He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his hands and his head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands and his head and his heart is an artist."
St Fancis of Assisi


"How important are the visual arts in our society? I feel strongly that the visual arts are of vast and incalculable importance. Of course I could be prejudiced. I am a visual art."
Kermit the Frog, muppet


"How wonderful yellow is. It stands for the sun."
Vincent Van Gogh


"I am an artist- I am here to live out loud."
Emile Zola


"I am interested in ideas, not merely in visual products."
Marcel Duchamp


"I applied streaks and blobs of colours onto the canvas with a palette knife and I made them sing with all the intensity I could..."
Wassily Kandinsky


"I begin with an idea and then it becomes something else."
Pablo Picasso


"I believe it is impossible to make sense of life in this world except through art."
Daniel Pinkwater


"I build a painting by putting little marks together some look like hot dogs, some like doughnuts."
Chuck Close


"I do not literally paint that table, but the emotion it produces upon me."
Henri Matisse


"I do not want ART for a few any more than education for a few, or freedom for a few."
William Morris


"I feel as though I haven't seem an object until I actually start painting it."
Janet Fish


"I found I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn't say any other way- things I had no words for."
Georgia O'Keeffe


"I hope with all my heart that there will be painting in heaven."
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot


"I just feel that I'm in tune with the right vibrations in the universe when I'm in the process of working."
Louise Nevelson


"I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy, geography, natural history, naval architecture, navigation, commerce, and agriculture, in order to give their children a right to study painting, poetry, music, architecture, statuary, tapestry, and porcelain."
John Adams, 2nd U.S. President 1735-1826


"I never intended to make art."
Walt Disney, when his work was displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art


"I never paint dreams or nightmares. I paint my own reality."
Frida Kahlo


"I often think the night is more alive and more richly colored than the day. "
Vincent Van Gogh


"I paint in order not to cry."
Paul Klee


"I shut my eyes in order to see. or I close my eyes in order to see"
Paul Gaugin


"I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music."
Joan Miro


"I want to make high art that is funny, outrageous and also reveals the human condition, which is not always high."
Robert Arneson


"I want to thank anyone who spends part of their day creating, I don't care if it's a book, a film, a painting, a dance, a piece of theater, a piece of music--anybody who spends part of their day sharing their experience with us--I think this world would be unlivable without art and I thank you."
Steve Soderbergh


"I want to touch people with my art. I want them to say 'he feels deeply, he feels tenderly.'"
Vincent Van Gogh


"I would like to recapture that freshness of vision which is characteristic of extreme youth when all the world is new to it."
Henri Matisse


"I'll make them big like huge buildings going up. People will be startled; they will have to look at them."
Georgia O'Keeffe flower series


"If I didn't start painting, I would have raised chickens."
Grandma Moses


"If I didn't think what I was doing had something to do with enlarging the boundaries of art, I wouldn't go on doing it."
Claes Oldenburg


"If painting weren't so difficult, it wouldn't be fun."
Edgar Degas


"If people knew how hard I worked to get my mastery, it wouldn't seem so wonderful at all."
Michelangelo


"If the artist sees nothing within him, then he should also refrain from painting what he sees before him."
Caspar David Friedrich


"Imagination is the true magic carpet."
Norman Vincent Peale


"Imagination will often carry us to worlds that never were. But without it, we go nowhere."
Carl Sagan, Cosmos


"In an artist's life, death is perhaps not the most difficult thing."
Vincent Van Gogh


"It has bothered me all my life that I do not paint like everybody else."
Henri Matisse


"It is important to express oneself...provided the feelings are real and are taken from you own experience."
Berthe Morisot


"It is not the language of painters but the language of nature which one should listen to, the feeling for the things themselves, for reality, is more important than the feeling for pictures."
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) - Dutch artist


"It takes a very long time to become young."
Pablo Picasso


"It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child."
Pablo Picasso


"Just as our eyes need light in order to see, our minds need ideas in order to create."
Nicole Malebranche


"Life obliges me to do something, so I paint."
Rene Magritte


"Life without industry is guilt, and industry without art is brutality."
John Ruskin


"Lord, grant that I may always desire more than I can accomplish."
Michelangelo


"My contribution to the world is my ability to draw. I will draw as much as I can for as many people as I can for as long as I can. Drawing is still basically the same as it has been since prehistoric times. It brings together man and the world. It lives through magic."
Keith Haring


"Nature is not only all that is visible to the eye it also includes the inner pictures of the soul."
Edvard Munch


"No amount of skillful invention can replace the essential element of imagination."
Edward Hopper


"No longer shall I paint interiors with men reading and women knitting. I will paint living people who breather and feel and suffer and love."
Edvard Munch


"Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely."
Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) - French artist


"One must from time to time attempt things that are beyond one's capacity."
Auguste Renoir


"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things."
Edgar Degas


"Painting from nature is not copying the object; it is realizing one's sensations."
Paul Cezanne


"Painting is easy for those that do not know how, but very difficult for those that do!"
Edgar Degas


"Painting is just another way of keeping a diary."
Pablo Picasso


"Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks."
Simonides (500 B. C.)


"People call me the painter of dancers, but I really wish to capture movement itself."
Edgar Degas


"Poor is the pupil who does not surpass his master."
Leonardo da Vinci


"So I said to myself- I'll paint what I see- what the flower is to me but I'll paint it big and they will be surprised into taking the time to look at it- I will make even busy New Yorkers take time to see what I see of flowers."
Georgia O'Keeffe 1887-1986


"Talent! What they call talent is nothing but the capacity for doing continuous work in the right way."
Winslow Homer


"The aim off art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance."
Aristotle


"The artist is the antenna of the race."
Ezra Pound (from the book, Art & Physics by Leonard Schlain)


"The artist need not know very much; best of all let him work instinctively and paint as naturally as he breathes or walks."
Emil Nolde


"The beautiful is in nature, and it is encountered under the most diverse forms of reality. Once it is found it belongs to art, or rather to the artist who discovers it."
Gustave Courbet


"The best reason to paint is that there is no reason to paint....I'd like to pretend that I've never seen anything, never read anything, never heard anything...and then make something....Every time I make something I think about the people who are going to see it and every time I see something, I think about the person who made it....Nothing is important...so everything is important."
Keith Haring


"The big artist... keeps an eye on nature and steals her tools."
Thomas Eakins


"The day is coming when a single carrot, freshly observed, will set off a revolution."
Paul Cezanne


"The emotions are sometimes so strong that I work without knowing it. The strokes come like speech."
Vincent Van Gogh


"The essence of drawing is the line exploring space."
Andy Goldsworthy


"The function of Art is to disturb. Science reassures."
George Braque


"The job of the artist is always to deepen the mystery."
Francis Bacon


"The more horrifying this world becomes, the more art becomes abstract."
Paul Klee


"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. Albert Einstein "

 

"The object of art is not to reproduce reality, but to create a reality of the same intensity."
Alberto Giacometti


"The only time I feel alive is when I'm painting."
Vincent Van Gogh


"The painting has a life of its own."
Jackson Pollock


"The position of the artist is humble. He is essentially a channel."
Piet Mondrian


"The sculptor, and the painter also, should be trained in these liberal arts: grammar, geometry, philosophy, medicine, astronomy, perspective, history, anatomy, theory of design, arithmetic."
Lorenzo Ghiberti


"The source of genius is imagination alone, the refinement of the senses that sees what others do not see, or sees them differently."
Eugene Delacroix


"The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection. "
Michelangelo (1475-1564) - Italian artist


"There are more valid facts and details in works of art than there are in history books."
Charlie Chaplin


"There are painters who transform the sun into a yellow spot, but there are others who, thanks to their art and intelligence, transform a yellow spot into the sun."
Pablo Picasso


"There are three forms of visual art: Painting is art to look at, sculpture is art you can walk around, and architecture is art you can walk through."
Dan Rice


"There is a battle that goes on between men and women. Many people call it love."
Edvard Munch


"There is no must in art because art is free."
Wassily Kandinsky


"There is one thing one has to have: either a soul that is cheerful by nature, or a soul made cheerful by work, love, art, and knowledge."
Friedrich Nietzsche


"They see poetry in what I have done. No. I apply my methods, and that is all there is to it."
Georges Seurat


"This woman's work is exceptional. Too bad she's not a man."
Edouard Manet, commenting on the work of Berthe Morisot


"Those who do not want to imitate anything, produce nothing."
Salvador Dali


"To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and commonsense will only interfere. But once these barriers are broken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams."
Giorgio DeChirico


"To create one's own world in any of the arts takes courage."
Georgia O'Keeffe


"To draw, you must close your eyes and sing."
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso


"We live in a beautiful and orderly world, not in a chaos without norms, even though this is how it sometimes appears."
M. C. Escher (Dutch)


"We shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us."
Sir Winston Churchill


"We should comport ourselves with the masterpieces of art as with exalted personages- stand quietly before them and wait until they speak to us."
Arthur Schopenhauer


"We work not only to produce but to give value to time."
Eugene Delacroix


"What good are computers? They can only give you answers."
Pablo Picasso


"What I dream of is an art of equilibrium, purity and tranquility, devoid of upsetting or troubling subject matter ..."
Henri Matisse


"What is one to think of those fools who tell one that the artist is always subordinate to nature? Art is a harmony parallel with nature."
Paul Cezanne


"What is real is not the external form, but the essence of things . . . it is impossible for anyone to express anything essentially real by imitating its exterior surface."
Brancusi


"What moves men of genius, or rather what inspires their work, is not new ideas, but their obsession with the idea that what has already been said is still not enough."
Eugene Delacroix


"When I feel a little confused the only thing to do is to turn back to the study of nature before launching once again into the subjects closest to heart."
Raoul Dufy


"When I was a kid, a book I read advised young artist to be themselves. That decided it for me. I was a corny kind of guy, so I went in for corn."
Walt Disney


"When my daughter was about seven years old, she asked me one day what I did at work. I told her I worked at the college- that my job was to teach people how to draw. She stared back at me, incredulous, and said, You mean they forget?"
Howard Ikemoto


"When the subject is strong, simplicity is the only way to treat it."
Jacob Lawrence


"Without fear and illness, I could never have accomplished all I have."
Edvard Munch


"Women at that time were supposed to look pretty and throw little handkerchiefs around...well, I couldn't play that role."
Louise Nevelson


"Work cures everything."
Matisse.


"You can't make an architect. But you can . . . open the doors and windows toward the light as you see it."
Frank Lloyd Wright


"Every good painter paints what he is."
Jackson Pollack


"It is art that makes life, makes interest, makes importance."
Henry James


"If you are looking for something to be brave about consider fine arts."
Robert Frost


"The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things but their inward significance."
Aristotle


"The most beautiful thing we cna experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science."
Albert Einstein


"Art should never try to be popular. The public should try to make itself artistic."
Oscar Wilde


"Life beats down and crushes the soul and art reminds you that you have one."
Stella Adler


"Art is either plagiarism or revolution."
Paul Gaugin


"Every artist dips his brush in his own soul, and paints his own nature into his pictures."
Henry Ward Beecher


"I passionately hate the idea of being with it; I think an artist has always to be out of step with his time."
Orson Wells


"Art flourishes where there is a sense of adventure."
Alfred North Whitehead


"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up."
Pablo Picasso


"Anyone who keeps the ability to see beauty never grows old."
Franz Kafka


"Art is a higher type of knowledge than experience."
Aristotle


"Great artists are people who find the way to be themselves in their art."
Margot Fonteyn


"If the meaning is there, don't seek for outward likeness."
Chen Yuyi


"There is no must in art because art is free."
Vasily Kandinsky


"Art is the only way to run away without leaving home."
Twyla Tharp


"Any museum can invite you to look. A great one changes the way you see."
Anonymous


"In the end, art outlives politics."
Anonymous


"If w work of art or a new style disturbs you, then it is probably good work. If you hate it, it is probably great."
Leo Steinberg


"The secret of life is in art."
Anonymous


"In art, truth that is boring is not true."
Isaac Bashevis Singer


"Art is the elimination of the superfluous."
Michelangelo


"There is no prejudice that the work of art does not eventually overcome."
Andre Gide


"Life is short, art is long..."
Hippocrates


"Only through art can we get outside of ourselves and know another;s view of the universe which is not the same as ours and see landscapes which would otherwise have remained unkwown to us like the landscapes of the moon."
Marcel Proust


"We can't begin to live a more artful life, which is the avenue to the soul, if in the public life around us, and everything we see and inhabit, art is invisible."
Thomas Moore


"Art does work - it is just self employed."
Brian Jose


"Art washes from the soul the dust of everyday life."
Pablo Picasso


"Art disease is caused by the hardening of the categories."
Adina Reinhardt

 

Конкурс за Награда за съвременно изкуство БАЗА

Е-мейл Печат ПДФ

Конкурс за Награда за съвременно изкуство БАЗА

Организатор: Институтът за съвременно изкуство – София, съвместно с Фондация за гражданско общество, Ню Йорк и международната мрежа Награди за млади художници

прочети още
 
Страница 4 от 4

Сподели с приятели

Новини

Изложби на завършващите НХА 2008/2009 прочети още
Входът за музеите в Пловдив ще е безплатен всеки четвъртък от днес 2 април 2009г.  Общината е предвидила това, за да отговаря на регламентите на ЮНЕСКО за музейната дейност. прочети още 
Изложба на Сдружение “ГОАРТ” в галерия “Спектър”- Велико Търново. Със свои работи ще се представят художниците: Илия Банков, Стефан Балтов, Ваня Балтова, Кирил Иринчев, Роза Абаджиева, Ирена Янкова, Янко Янков, Пепа Хаджитодорова, Валентина Григорва и Петър Крусев.

От галерията

20080306110157_1_mg_1548.jpg

Кой е тук

В момента има 41 посетителя в сайта

Най ново